Gia sư tiếng anh » Ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh

TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ, BÀI TẬP VỚI TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ

LÝ THUYẾT VÀ BÀI TẬP RÈN LUYỆN VỀ TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ, BÀI TẬP VỚI TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ TRONG TIẾNG ANH

CẤU TRÚC NGỮ PHÁP:

– Need: Sngười + need + ToV

Svật + need + V-ing/ to be +V(pp)

– Must + V ( cần phải làm gì – chỉ bổn phận phải làm) . Phân biệt với have/ has to( phải- chỉ sự bắt buộc phải làm). Lưu ý quá khứ của must là had to ( trong cấu trúc lời gián tiếp)

* must chỉ sự phỏng đoán dựa vào cơ sở hợp logic.:

phỏng đoán sự việc ở hiện tại : must + V

phỏng đoán sự việc ở qua khứ: must + have + V(pp)

– Should (nên) + V

* Should chỉ sự hối tiếc lẻ ra nên / không nên làm gì(nhưng đã không làm/ đã làm)

Should/ shouldn’t + have + V(pp)

– Might (có lẻ), chỉ sự phỏng đoán ở hiện tại, tương lai.

– Have/ has / had to (phải- chỉ sự bắt buộc của ngoại cảnh)

 BÀI TẬP RÈN LUYỆN TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ:

1. Peter painted the room black. It looked dark and dreary. He ……………chosen a different color.

A. had to          B. should have             C. must have                D. could have been

2. You haven’t eaten anything since yesterday. You …….be really hungry.

A. might           B. will                          C. can                          D. must

3. It …….. rain this evening. Why don’t you take an umbrella?

A. had better    B. could be                  C. must                        D. might

4. There is a law that says that you………….throw trash on the streets.

A. don’t have               B. must not                  C. couldn’t                   D. might not

5. The carpet still needs cleaning.

A. The carpet hasn’t been cleaning yet.                       B. The carpet hasn’t cleaned yet.

C. The carpet has been cleaned                                   D. The carpet has cleaned.

6. She………..about the time, her friend was also late.

A. needn’t worry                                  B. doesn’t need to worry

C. didn’t need to worry                                    D. needn’t have to worried

7. On average, a healthy heart…………to jump five tablespoons of blood with every beat.

A. can              B. must            C. ought                       D. should

8. Can you find it without……check the files.

A. must            B. have to        C. to have to                D. having to

9. There weren’t enough student, so they……………….to close the school.

A. have            B. must            C. had                          D. got

10. Mr. Brown is very rich. He …………work hard for a living.

A. mustn’t        B. shouldn’t     C. doesn’t have to        D. hadn’t better

11. ………..you hand me that pair of scissors, please?

A. May            B. Shall            C. Will                                     D. Should

12. We………….have been  married for twenty-five years on our next anniversary.

A . must           B. should         C. will              D. could

13. Let’s take a vote,………….?

A. will you       B. won’t you                C. shall we       D. shan’t we

14. If you are a  resident of this city and want to drive a motor vehicle on a public highway, you……….have a driver’s license.

A. may                         B. might           C. can              D. must

15. It’s not necessary for you to do the test.                -You………………………………….

16. She prefers reading to watching TV.                                  – She would……………………………….

17. My suit needs to be cleaned before the interview. -I must………………………………

18. I gave Ted the message but he already knew about it.       -I needn’t……………………………………..

I needn’t have given…because he already knew……..

19. If you hadn’t been speeding, the police wouldn’t have stopped you.

-You must……………………………………………

20. It’s a pity you didn’t come to the party, because you’d have loved it.

-You should………………………………………..

21. It was wrong of you not to call the doctor at once.            -You should………………………………….

22. The grass is wet. It ………………last night.

A. must rain     B. must have rained     C. should rain              D. should have rained

You can leave a response.